States that have abolished juvenile life without parole as a sentencing option since the Supreme Court’s decision in Miller v. Alabama.
States that reduced the use of JLWOP sentences by eliminating the use of the sentence for specific categories of youth or offenses.
States that increased a judge’s discretion at sentencing — specifically requiring that the characteristics related to youthfulness be considered at sentencing.
Other states that don’t have JLWOP.
Other states that passed legislation post-Miller:
- Arkansas (HB 1993): Created a new sentence of life with the possibility of parole after 28 years.
- Louisiana (HB 152): Made it possible for youth convicted of homicide-related offenses to become eligible for parole after serving at least 35 years behind bars.
- Michigan (SB 319): Created a term of years (25-60) sentence for youth convicted of murder.
- Utah (SB 228): Allows for youth convicted of aggravated first-degree murder to become eligible for parole after serving 25 years behind bars.
- California (SB 260): Requires parole board to give a “meaningful opportunity” of parole to youth sentenced to adult prison terms.